Pressure injuries are caused by unrelieved pressure, shear forces and friction resulting in damage of the skin and underlying tissue. They predominantly occur during periods of acute or prolonged illness and affect frail, debilitated, elderly, or neurologically impaired patients, and those who are immobile for long periods of time.

An occupational therapist can assess the risk factors for pressure injuries including the positioning of and handling people at risk of developing pressure ulcers, as well as provide intervention for those with already developed pressure injuries.  Individualized treatment and intervention may include prescribing appropriate pressure relieving equipment and providing patients and care givers with prevention and management strategies.